Overtime Pay and What It Means for Your Workers

Calculating the pay for employees who are on salary can be determined by first knowing the number of hours the salary was intended to cover. The method used to calculate overtime pay depends on whether the salaried employee is paid for a standard workweek of 40 hours, a “fluctuating workweek,” or a “fixed workweek.”

Time is money

Definition of workweek for overtime pay

Federal law defines a single workweek as 7X24 = 168 hours. It does not, however, require that a standard workweek be from Monday through Friday during the hours of 9 to 5. A workweek can be started on any hour of any of the days of the week, and it may be different than for other employees. Overtime pay is to be given for hours worked on Saturdays and Sundays, as well as on holidays or other days of rest. Extra pay is to be given when working on weekends or nights. Overtime pay must also be given for working on standby duty; this occurs if you are required to carry a company cellphone, except when you are not allowed to use the standby time for any personal uses. Overtime cannot be earned when rules are in place to limit it.

When it comes to how many hours you can work overtime, Federal law does not place any limit on it. It does place limits on how many hours a child can work overtime in the labor laws for children. An employer can force an employee who is 16 and older to work overtime, and when there is hazardous duty, the person must be at least 18. When an eligible worker works mandatory overtime, they must be paid in overtime pay.

The effects of working long hours are going to be fatigue, poorer quality of work, mistakes and errors. The employees in a few industries, such as pilots and truck drivers, have limited hours that they can work. Another field where hours are in the process of trying to be limited is nursing. The Safe Nursing and Patient Care Act of 2007 has not yet been passed, but a few states are working to pass laws relating to overtime for nurses.

How much is overtime pay?

Exactly how much you will be paid for overtime hours depends on your employee type and what Federal and state laws apply. If you are classified as a non-exempt employee who works for hourly wages, the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) requires you to be paid for time worked in excess of the standard 40-hour workweek.

Overtime pay must be a minimum of one-and-a-half times that employees regular pay rate. For an employee who makes minimum wage, which is $7.25 per hour, every hour more than the required 40 hours will be paid at the rate of $10.88 (minimum). On some days, such as on a holiday, overtime is often double-time, or twice your regular hourly wage. Most of the time, getting paid double time is based on an agreement between the employee and the employer. Federal laws requiring double time pay do not exist.

Overtime pay is not required by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) for working at night, or on weekends or on holidays. It is required only when an employee works more than 40 hours in a week. Employers will often pay more for working on weekends, nights, or on holidays, but it is completely voluntary on their part.

How do you calculate overtime pay?

Under federal law, overtime compensation is paid at a rate of at least 1.5 times the employee’s regular pay rate, otherwise known as “time and a half.” There’s no maximum amount that a company can pay to compensate a person for their overtime work, so businesses sometimes offer double pay or higher for overtime, usually when the shift being considered for overtime is particularly undesirable.

Using the time-and-a-half rule of thumb, you’d calculate overtime pay by multiplying an employee’s hourly rate by 1.5 and then multiplying the result by the number of overtime hours they worked. You then add that total to the amount they make within a 40-hour workweek.

The equation works regardless of how much overtime you offer your employees. Note that this equation only applies to nonexempt employees, and the total pay for the week, including the additional payment for overtime, is subject to regular tax rates.

Tip: You must pay an employee at least 1.5 times their normal hourly rate for each hour of overtime they work.

Are salaried workers covered by overtime rules?

When most people talk about overtime, it’s typically in the context of a 40-hour workweek paid on an hourly basis. Salaried workers, however, do not get paid by the hour. While it may be safe to assume that they would not be able to collect overtime, Robert L. Föehl, business law and ethics professor at Ohio University, said that couldn’t be further from the truth.

“It is absolutely critical for employers to understand that paying a salary for a job does not automatically exempt that job from the overtime requirements of the FLSA,” he said. “Many employers do not intuitively understand this.”

According to Föehl, if you have salaried employees, it’s imperative to determine whether they match the exemptions outlined in the FLSA, meaning “the minimum salary must be met and the required duties must be performed.”

What are overtime pay exemptions?

Certain employees are exempt from both overtime pay and minimum wage regulations. According to the FLSA, an exempt employee can’t collect overtime if they are “paid on a salary basis at not less than $684 per week” and work as “bona fide executive, administrative, professional and outside sales employees.” The Department of Labor also exempts “certain computer employees” from overtime pay regulations.

When determining the standard salary level of an employee, according to the FLSA, an employer may let 10% of it include a “nondiscretionary bonus and incentive payment (including commissions) paid on an annual or more frequent basis.”

Negotiating Overtime Work

Highly-valued employees may be able to negotiate arrangements with their employer to avoid working overtime. You might consider asking to discuss your situation with supervisors in a confidential setting and cite any legitimate concerns like eldercare or childcare responsibilities, or health concerns that make it difficult for you to work extra hours. Of course, co-workers may express some resentment toward you if an exception is made.

Some unions or individuals will negotiate collective bargaining agreements or employment contracts that prohibit employers from requiring overtime. Certain employers have enacted policies that place restrictions on the amount of overtime that is permissible. In those cases, workers can take up the issue with supervisors and/or human resources representatives and request clarification of the policy.



How To Write a Cover Letter (Plus Tips and Examples)

Before you start writing a cover letter, be sure that you’ve chosen the right type of letter. The style will be different depending on whether you’re writing a letter to send or upload with a resume, inquiring about job openings, or mentioning a referral.

How To Write a Cover Letter for a Job

Alison Doyle is one of the nation’s foremost career experts and has counseled both students and corporations on hiring practices. She has given hundreds of interviews on the topic for outlets including The New York Times, BBC News, and LinkedIn. Alison founded CareerToolBelt.com and has been an expert in the field for more than 20 years.

Do you need to write a cover letter to apply for a job? In most cases, the answer is yes. Your cover letter may make the difference between obtaining a job interview or having your resume ignored, so it makes good sense to devote the necessary time and effort to writing effective cover letters.

Here’s all the information you need to write a cover letter that will get your job application noticed. Review these tips for what to include in a cover letter, how to format it, and examples of many different professionally written cover letters.

Cover letter examples

Here are two examples of cover letters, a traditional version and a less traditional version. First, read the job description, then read the cover letter. In the first example, you’ll see how the writer uses specific phrases from the job description and includes them in the letter.

Administrative Assistant

I am drawn to this opportunity for several reasons. First, I have a proven track record of success in administrative roles, most recently in my current job as an administrative coordinator. A highlight from my time here was when I proactively stepped in to coordinate a summit for our senior leaders last year. I arranged travel and accommodation for a group of 15 executives from across the company, organized meals and activities, collaborated with our internal events team, and ensured that everything ran according to schedule over the two-day summit. Due to the positive feedback I received afterward, I have been given the responsibility of doubling the number of attendees for the event this year and leading an internal team to get the job done.

I am also attracted to this role because of the growth opportunities that [name of company] provides. The research that I’ve done on your company culture has shown me that there are ample opportunities for self-motivated individuals like me. A high level of organization and attention to detail are second nature to me, and I’m eager to apply these skills in new and challenging environments.

Example: Brand Copywriter

There are at least two less-than-obvious ways to improve your vocabulary (and by extension, your copywriting skills): studying for the GRE and becoming a crossword puzzle enthusiast. I’ve done both, but for this job application, I’d like to focus on the latter.

My grandmother was the best writer I’ve ever known. She wasn’t a professional writer, but her gift and love of writing was something we shared. It wasn’t until last year that I also took up her love of crossword puzzles and immediately saw how the two went hand in hand. Before long, I was solving Monday through Wednesday puzzles in the New York Times, needing to look up words less and less frequently as time passed. Soon, I was able to complete Thursday to Saturday, too. Throughout this process, I could feel my stock of quips, rejoinders and turns of phrase steadily growing. Eventually, I worked up the courage to attempt the Sunday puzzles.

It was this courage that was the real turning point for me. In my current agency, I was already known as a hard worker and creative spirit; my peer and manager evaluations had made this clear. But while I felt confident in my abilities, I had never seen myself as particularly daring. Considering new challenges and mastering each one along the way had given me a renewed sense of myself and clarity about my chosen profession.

I began a career as a copywriter because I was skilled at finding combinations of words to fit a thought or feeling. I’m continuing down that path because I’ve realized how I can shape and hone that skill to reach new heights. I’d like copywriting at [name of company] to be the next step in my journey.

Convey why you’d be a great hire for this job.

A common cover letter mistake is only talking about how great the position would be for you. Frankly, hiring managers are aware of that—what they really want to know is what you’re going to bring to the position and company.

So once you’ve got the opening under wraps, you should pull out a few key ideas that will make up the backbone of your cover letter. They should show that you understand what the organization is looking for and spell out how your background lines up with the position. Study the job description for hints. What problems is the company looking to solve with this hire? What skills or experiences are mentioned high up, or more than once? These will likely be the most important qualifications.

Select the three to five important qualifications that you feel you exemplify best. For instance, maybe you’re looking for an account executive role and come across a posting that excites you. You might pull out these details that match you well:

If you tend to have a hard time singing your own praises and can’t nail down your strengths, here’s a quick trick: What would your favorite boss, your best friend, or your mentor say about you? How would they sing your praises? Use the answers to inform how you write about yourself. You can even weave in feedback you’ve received to strengthen your case (occasionally, don’t overuse this!). For example:

“When I oversaw our last office move, my color-coded spreadsheets covering every minute detail of the logistics were legendary; my manager said I was so organized, she’d trust me to plan an expedition to Mars.”

Back up your qualifications with examples and numbers.

Look at your list of qualifications from the previous step, and think of examples from your past that prove you have them. And go beyond your resume. Don’t just regurgitate what the hiring manager can read elsewhere. Simply put, you want to paint a fuller picture of what experiences and accomplishments make you a great hire and show off what you can sashay through their doors with and deliver once you land the job.

For example, what tells a hiring manager more about your ability to win back former clients? This: “I was in charge of identifying and re-engaging former clients.” Or this: “By analyzing past client surveys, NPS scores, and KPIs, as well as simply picking up the phone, I was able to bring both a data-driven approach and a human touch to the task of re-engaging former clients.”

Come up with your examples, then throw in a few numbers. Hiring managers love to see stats—they show you’ve had a measurable impact on an organization you’ve worked for. Did you bring in more clients than any of your peers? Put together an impressive number of events? Make a process at work 30% more efficient? Work it into your cover letter!

I’ve always been very goal-oriented—whether that goal was hitting a new personal best on the swim team in college or smashing my quotas as a sales development rep for ZZZ Inc. As an SDR, I break my quarterly sales goals down month-by-month and then week-by-week—so that I always know whether I’m ahead, behind, or on-track. I also take an hour every Friday to reflect on what I could’ve done better in the previous week—so that I’m always improving. With these strategies, I’ve met my goals for meetings set 10 out of the last 10 quarters and actually averaged 114% to goal for finding leads that eventually turned into sales over every quarter last year. As an account executive for your company, I’d bring that same drive and systematic approach for meeting longer-term targets to my sales quotas.

Do this for each of the qualifications you want to focus on, and feel free to connect your accomplishments directly to the company. Pro tip: Use your space wisely. For more important qualifications, you might dedicate an entire paragraph, while others may only need a sentence or two.

Principles to Remember

Demonstrate an understanding of what the company needs.

Michele Sommers, the vice president of HR for the Boys & Girls Village, a nonprofit in Connecticut, recently posted a job for a recruiting and training specialist. “I was looking for someone with a strong recruiting background who could do everything from sourcing candidates to onboarding new hires,” she says. She also wanted the person to hit the ground running. “We’re a small team and I can’t afford to train someone,” she says.

More than 100 candidates applied for the job. The organization’s online application system doesn’t allow for cover letter attachments, but one of the applicants, Heidi (not her real name), sent a follow-up email after submitting her résumé. “And it’s a good thing she did, because she would’ve been weeded out otherwise,” Michele says.



5 Essay Writing Services That You Should Avoid

When it comes to essay writing services, there is no shortage of options. The problem appears when we bring the quality variation into the conversation, as you can find everything from complete scams and subpar products to excellent products that can bring a huge benefit to one’s academic life. Seeing how difficult it is to tell what you are in for with your choice, it is essential that students have a reliable source of information regarding the market instead of risking their time, money and grades based on promises alone.

At RatedByStudents.com, we make it our goal to provide unbiased reviews that offer excellent guidance to those confused by the market. Our first-hand experiences with the services of numerous companies make us know what to look for in order to recommend only those names that lead to great value for the money. Today we will look at 5 essay writing services that come with subpar services.

1. American-Writers
Customer reviews were far from flattering here, and it didn’t take long for us to find out why. After ordering an essay on an accessible topic, with no demanding requests regarding resources, we received an atrocious paper that displayed a severe lack of experience with the English language. Grammatical errors, incorrect word usage, misspelling and composition errors were found all throughout the paper. Customer service was also unwilling to provide revisions or refunds, leaving us baffled at how they expect to remain in business for long with this approach. Prices were also quite high, with no promo code being offered to new customers – periodic coupon codes seemed to be missing as well.

2. ThePensters
When writing should be your main selling point, it is hard to offer anything else to make up for it if the quality is awful. Even with our basic essay, the paper turned out to be a mess, as basic rules of the English language turned out to be a mystery for our writer. Mistakes were to be seen in almost every sentence, while even the rare exception displayed simplistic writing. There was no support department to speak of, as any complaints were to be discussed directly with the writer – needless to say, if he didn’t have the language skills to write a decent paper once, he didn’t manage to improve it either. With $18 per page for a disastrous product (we fail to realize what lead to that increase from $9 starting point) and no real discounts, the experience was a waste of money. While the website is not fraud or scam, it should be avoided just the same.

3. AdvancedWriters
Spelling and grammar mistakes seem to be the norm here, as it was rare to read a few lines of our paper without running into them. The transitions between paragraphs were also often forced and lead to a feeling of incoherence in the writer’s thoughts. Customer service was unable to fix these issues, leaving us to drop all hopes of getting a decent product out of this company. Testimonials are far from the truth here. Even in the average price range, there are better options to be found.

4. PapersLead
The claims of hiring only native English writers with Masters or Ph.Ds was quickly proven wrong by the frequent instances of poor grammar and vocabulary found in our paper. Customer service was a weak point as well – besides being uninformed regarding anything but the basics, the staff wasn’t able to make sure that our paper gets any improvement. As it stands, not even the lower-than-average prices can save this company.

5. PaperWritings
Nothing good can be said about the paper we received from this website either, as poor grammar and spelling were common sights. Not only that but the writing was also simplistic and seemed to have no use other than to fill pages – it was the kind of paper that leaves people wondering what it’s point was after reading. Customer service proved to be very defensive when we brought up any issues, leaving us no other option than conclude our review with a low rating.

Be Careful! Scam Essay Writing Websites

Whilst it will be fantastic to only give attention to the favorable elements of the terrific penning firms we noticed, that basically isn’t achievable. We wouldn’t be carrying out our work if we didn’t take the time to present composing firms that are unreliable, pricey, or supply reduced grade documents. We unquestionably would be remiss if we didn’t alert college students relating to scholastic freelance writing organizations that are responsible for fraud or scam.

Hence, we have taken time to observe several composing firms. We have read customer reviews, checked out reports, even evaluated costs and discounts. Though we generally do this to examine websites that we believe supply good features, our objective in this case totally different. As an alternative, we have identified five organizations that have earned an exceptionally poor rating that they meet the requirements for our list of five most awful article writing services.

  1. WriteMyPapers

This articles firm gives us the opportunity to inform students against working with article writing organizations that are unreasonably cheap. WritemyPapers.org provides university stage essays and research papers for less than $ 10 per page. There’s certainly no way that a website is giving specialized freelance writing services at those pricing. As we presumed, our research highlighted that articles are regularly brought late. When they are was given, students complain of extremely poor article writing, and an array of errors with citations.

  1. UKessays

We assumed elements seemed recognizable when we foremost took a quick look at this writing firm’s webpage. So, we did a bit of digging. It turns out that a major portion of content and articles on their internet page was almost the same to that of a site we had earlier examined. This indicates one of two facts. Many the companies we had evaluated previously had been shut down or delisted by Google, and had released using a new brand, or the organization simply replicated website content and articles instead of building their own.

None of these things bode effectively on the subject of dependability or standard. As we presumed, students were provided with bad quality penning. Worse, user service was unhelpful to people searching for refunds or alterations.

  1. PaperMasters

The decent thing here is that we are not able to consider a lot of learners putting an purchase with this website. Everything is purely incorrect from start to end. To begin with, the writing on the webpage is practically inconceivable to understand. Clicking on the link to set a request takes you to a different composing firm webpage entirely. Furthermore, the internet pages load slowly and the webpage is not mobile friendly. This one simply raises all sorts of warning flags.

  1. EssayEmpire

In this case, the freelance writing was good though not awesome. Customer aid wasn’t bad either. The main problem here was effortless. The price ranges were too high. Not really a bit excessive, the biggest we have stumbled upon. Additionally, there were no presents of a promo code or various other deals. Even more serious, there was nothing especially exceptional that might cause these price tags even near to being good.

  1. DarwinEssay

The last service of this article just rates low in every area. Students rated penning standard of this company as underperforming at very best, and usually completely undesirable. Papers are continually delivered delayed. Consumer reviews service is unprofessional and unhelpful. As a whole, this is simply one to pass on.


Although there are lots of good writing services, many simply don’t make the grade. These 5 specifically are really uncertain. We highly propose avoiding them totally.

ScholarAdvisor company – services, fees and exclusive benefits reviewed in this post!

Selecting the best academic writing provider can be a tedious task. There are so many service providers in this arena that you might get confused about which one to trust. In case you are facing a similar problem, then we suggest that you read legit reviews of these companies before making a decision.If you are considering hiring ScholarAdvisor.com, then we suggest you read our review of this website right here. This review would cover different aspects of the service provider. From services to pricing, customer support to feedback on ScholarAdvisor, and from discounts to professionalism, you can learn about it all right here.

Services Offered by ScholarAdvisor.com

Scholar Advisor offers essay writing services at high school and college levels. It covers different subjects so as to cater to all types of students. A plus of the company is that it helps students to write their essays by providing resources such as a blog, and free essay samples.

Security of the Website

If you are skeptical about the safety of your personal and financial information on this website, then you should know that the website is quite secure. Your data will not be compromised in any manner.

Unfair Prices

The pricing of the content seems to be appropriate and at par with the average rates until you get the work you order. The same happened with us. We asked the writers of ScholarAdvisor.com to write an essay on Shakespeare’s works, and it cost us just 17 dollars.

Unfortunately, the result we received was of very low quality. The content was laden with so many errors that it was hard to find even a single structured and well-written sentence. As we were impressed with the quality of the blogs and reference essays, we were hoping for some good quality work. However, the result did not meet our expectations and would have gotten a very bad grade if it was to be submitted at school.

Discounts and Coupon Codes

If you are looking for a promo code to make the services of this website cheaper, then you are in luck. The website offers a 20 percent discount to all the first-time users. You can get the discount code right on the website, which means you don’t have to search all over the Internet for it. You can also use the assistance of the customer support team to get updates on all the latest discount offers.

Feedback from Real Users

To solidify our findings regarding the poor quality offered by Scholar Advisor, we sought customer reviews and real testimonials. This is what we found: one of the students reported that the lab report was full of calculation and experiment-related mistakes and not worth the price paid to the company.

In the end, the student had to rewrite that report to get a passing grade. The company failed to do any worthy revisions to the content it had created.

Another user reported that even though she didn’t expect to get an A grade for the price paid to this company, she was hoping for a passing grade. ScholarAdvisor.com failed to deliver that, and the user opined that they were not the specialists that they claimed to be.


All in all, it can be said that, even though ScholarAdvisor.com seems to be a legit company at first glance, it’s not the case. The company deals with academic writing but the content it provides is below average quality, which leads to its poor rating. You will be smart to seek other service providers and leave this one alone while seeking academic writing assistance.

Take a look at this article if you need info concerning services presented by 123Writings.com

Tons of times we were asked about to make a guide of the options supplied by 123Writings. Now we truly feel that we have sufficient data to make a top-grade and full review of what they should give us. As a result, with a purpose to create our assessment, we obtained facts made up of content on their web page, products, and opinions, not to mention customer reviews we observed on 3rd party web pages. We likewise contributed our own expertise in this review of 123Writing company, ever since we ordered a 4-page paper of a college grade, to take a look at their experience with our personal eyes. This is the final result of our studies.

 Products Supplied

123Writings.com presents all things from scholastic offerings to career and business composing. So if perhaps you want a paper to pass on the term, a fresh cover letter to add to your CV or copywriting options, they will be able to supply a vast collection of items. When it comes to quality, we can point out that we were not distressed. The essay that we requested was perfect despite the fact that not difficult to complete. We found no lexical errors, no layout errors, no occasional phrasings – it was clear that the man or women who authored this paper was a native in the English language. We didn’t also have to turn for a revision due to it was truly most appropriate! Moreover, we had the opportunity of speaking with our writer – and we also kept close contact. She would often tell us the state of our document would reply instantaneously and would always be quite well mannered.


 The Client Employees

Several times we examined the consumer service of specified websites. We were responded by grumpy cats that hardly realized what to tell us responded slowly or were being obscure. Every single time, we were feeling that they were enthusiastic to log off the line and steer clear of the pesky clients that kept on bothering them. This wasn’t the situation for 123 Writings. The consumer help team was really polite with us and very calm whatever we expected. We asked them some questions, and they constantly turned out to be on top of things – while their answers were incredibly precise and handy. It’s no surprise people kept praising their client employees on various reviews – they’re definitely first class.


Have You Considered the Price levels?

On very first look, the costs may seem to be pretty frequent for a writing service. But once we took into account the grade of the product that we were given, the pricing we gained was undeniably a great deal. We were required to pay out $15 for a page, which we considered good – but there’s significantly more. In addition to this great price tag, 123Writings.com gives discount rates for newbies, and also a promo code and coupon codes for revisiting clients.


So, do we recommend 123 Writings? Without a doubt we do. All this time, this website is among one of our favorites, and we can fairly express that it isn’t fraud or scam. If you experience a school crisis, you can without risk get hold of them, because they will unquestionably not fail to satisfy your goals.


Top 3 Essay Websites that Cover You Academic Needs

University students typically consider article writing options in regards to their hard educational jobs. Have you really thought about working with them for assistance with scholarships, admissions, and personal statements? Although most customer feedback and opinions usually tend to concentrate on research documents and documents, few overview the admissions services aspect of school copywriting firms.

That’s why numerous opt to get support together with scholarship papers, personal statements, and admissions articles. There are plenty of copywriting organizations that supply help with this. But, how would you pick? We can guide! We have studied reports, reviewed price ranges, browsed through feedback, and performed many other research. We’ve in fact consulted with customer reporting firms to figure out to ensure that sites weren’t a fraud or scam.

After a thorough evaluation of every single freelance writing company, we have established that the following 5 sites meet up with our rank requirements. If you come to feel displaced and overloaded by the admission procedure, investigate the subsequent 3 content and articles firms.

  1.  BestCustomWriting

This articles article writing firm has acquired a spot here simply because have established themselves to be a remarkable website for university students looking for college admissions services. They are undoubtedly worthwhile a 2nd glimpse and high ratings of BestCustomWriting.


  1.  MyPaperWriter

University students who take advantage of this organization for help with scholarship essays report incredibly exceptional results on the whole. Whilst there is absolutely no way to guarantee who will be honored a scholarship or not, this website has created a fairly outstanding history of helping students obtain these significant rewards. This is along with their entire remarkable user care, favorable reviews on MyPaperWriter and excellent web page working experience.


  1.  EssayPro

The aim of the admissions essay is to show the learner in a way that persuades admissions employees that the student is a very good fit for the college. A superb document illustrates successes and private characteristics to that end. This scholastic composing firm have positive feedback on EssayPro and does a wonderful work of composing documents that surely let the college student gloss.



Every one of these websites has a recognized status of receiving hopeful university students the results they want. They present attentive offering and guide college students achieve their college targets. Plenty of in addition supply features such as bonus coupon codes, helpful blog posts and documents, or improved degrees of client care.

Learners who are thinking about these options should do some study independently. While each one is certainly trustworthy and high grade, almost every college student has distinctive needs. On the other hand, we are convinced that almost any learner can get a fantastic admission features firm listed supplied here.