Questions 1-5: Public Health Nursing

Questions 1-5: Public Health Nursing

Question 1

I agree about the information mentioned regarding the health reform in Massachusetts back in 2006. The 2.6% uninsured rate could be correctly verified in 2008 (Doonan & Tull, 2010). There are a lot of things that could be learned from the experiences of Massachussetss in implementing reforms to increase health insurance coverage. A lot of other states are being challenged to also do such actions. However, the process is not that easy. Political reforms are already difficult but implementation of state legislations would be even more challenging (Doonan & Tull, 2010). There are also various trade-offs such as public support and subsidy levels (Doonan & Tull, 2010). Although it is possible for other states to follow suit, it would be hard to do so. The politicians of that specific state should be willing to sacrifice.

Question 2

Health care for all is achievable but it would involve some exceptions. I agree that many people in America refuse help and the question of how to provide healthcare for them is a legitimate one to ask. I agree that they turn down various efforts from medical practitioners to be able to take care of them. This is a problem rooted to the system. Some people believe that government involvement in insurance and the meddling of politicans have initiated the inclusion of costs that patients are unaware of (Zinser & Hsieh, 2007). This is the reason why some people refuse healthcare. Government intervention also violates some physician rights by forcing them to act against their will (Zinser & Hsieh, 2007). This kind of action may have turned off some people. I agree that education is needed in order to convince thos who refuse healthcare. However, the government should also be more transparent in their involvement.

Question 3

I agree that the mental health issue has been fueled by the lack of resources. More manpower and financial help is needed. In the 2st century, mental health have become complex and became a critical part of public health (Henderson, 2015). It is important to take note of the growing part of this aspect in the general welfare of people. While resources are certainly being provided, it is significant that the government and various agencies should be aware of the increasing number of issues in mental health due to lack of resources. Times have changed and everyone needs to adapt. This includes additional health care for those with mental issues. These patients need to be provided with modern advancements in medicine. More contemporary treatments and health care should be given to them.

Question 4

I agree that quality healthcare is difficult to obtain unless you are well off or can prove that you are really living below the poverty line. For the average people in America, access is difficult. This is due to the inefficieny of the system, which is the direct effect of fragmented care and high administrative costs (Garber, & Skinner, 2008). Although Obama Care had solved some of these inefficiencies, access is still difficult because of the same issues. I agree that insurance coverage does not mean stability. While it is already difficult to get such access, it is more difficult to be provided with quality health care.

Question 5

I agree regarding the legal basis for the responsibilities of congress in health care. It is bound in the constitution and has been set by the past politicans in order for the government to take responsibility regarding the welfare of people. Fair and equal treatment are an important part of health care. Although this has already been addressed by the Affordable Care Act, it still lacks specific provisions for public health. In fact, it still does not provide government funded option. This should be addressed in order to make all people get the health care they deserve. I also agree that military funding is important and is related to public health and security. This would ensure that proper manpower is available during times of emeregency.

Historical context of the realities expressed in the play Gem of the Ocean

Historical context of the realities expressed in the play Gem of the Ocea

The play “Gem of the Ocean” expresses realities that can be linked to various historical events. It touches on slavery, a problem that engulfed the whole world in the 18th century. The central theme in of this play is connected to the effect of the turn of the 20th Century. It was set in 1904, the time when there was the massive migration of labor both from Eastern and Southern Europe and the American South regions to the Industrial Revolution’s centers of industry such as Pittsburgh, Chicago, and Detroit (Wilson, 2003).

Migration to industrial towns in 20th century and its challenges

The arrival of Barlow in Petersburg is informed by the search for opportunities and better living. The African-American migrated in masses to the industrialized town in the United States during the 20th century (retrieved from GloriousEssays.com on June 13th ). The growth of these cities created the upsurge in the need for unskilled labor. The immigrants and Americans from underdeveloped states offered the cheap labor that is needed to drive industrialization. The migrants were subjected to heavy manual labor with little pay. The worker, the White, the Black, and former farmworkers of Europe and former slaves from the South raised against steel mill owners and the mega-rich (Johnson, 2011).

In this play, Barlow and Sheriff Caesar remind the society of the challenges that the slaves and the immigrants went through during industrialization (Wilson, 2008). Their life was hard, characterized by sustained suffering. In the play, the reality about life during the civil war is conveyed through the journeys of Citizen Barlow and his host Sheriff Caesar. The latter represented the slave owner while the former the slaves. It was the nature of slavery for Barlow to be submissive to his boss. The children of slaves were slaves, there rights and privileges were limited.

The effects of the American civil war

The American civil war led to a massive release of the slaves. Barlow is a young African-American man who arrives in Pittsburgh as part of the strong wave of freed slabs in 1904. He came from the southern part of America, places where slavery thrived. The northern region had abolished slavery, thus offered a safe haven for the freed slaves. Moreover, their children too had to migrate. The American civil war had marked a turning point in the history of the US. The persecuted minority groups such as African. The massive migration from the south to the north was triggered by the effects of the civil war (Wilson, 2003).The migration of the peasants to the industrialized towns led to the development of some challenges, which included security. Immigrants boarded ships across the international waters (Johnson, 2011).

Slavery

According to Johnson (2011), slaves experience dreadful journeys across the ocean. The mention of Gem of the Ocean rekindles the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Slaves were captured and forcibly shipped across to the United States, where they worked on plantations and the industries. The hard conditions on the ship left many dead, the story of the captain and water shortage in the middle of the journey overboard reminds us of the trouble that slaves faced in the journeys across the ocean. The life of the poor did not matter a lot, they would rather be left to die to have the ship steward alive than offer them enough water and food.

Mistreatment of industrial workers in 20th century

The tough life of the workers is also illustrated by the riots of steel metal industries and their arrest. Caesar, the face of inhuman treatment of the laborers captured over two hundred people and shot one. In the 19th century, employees in the industries were subjected to a lot of challenges. The city of bones is the demonstration of the magnitude of torture that the slaves and workers. Citizen stole to make ends meet, an act that leads to his fellow worker becoming a victim of the crime he never committed. High-class conspiracies among the employees were inevitable (Wilson, 2008).

Theft is highlighted through Citizen stealing of a can of nails at a mill, where he was working in Petersburg. Moreover, another man is accused and opts for suicide rather than face the arrest (Johnson, 2011). Life was cruel and any offence could lead to an individual being labeled a thief. The burden that comes with guiltiness drives Citizen to feel sorry for the accused person. Consequently, he tries the services of his aunty, Ester, who is famed for healing people suffering from various challenges as a way to relieve himself from the guiltiness he feels.

According to Wilson (2008), the living conditions in which Ester, Black Mary, and Eli endure is a true reflection of the hardships that freed slaves underwent. Their life was full of misery and struggling. In this respect, their hope was wrapped in the belief in magic powers. The levels of hopelessness were full of unending suffering. Hatred between the slaves and their masters was very high, strikes and evil plots can be seen in the setting of the mill ablaze. The incidence offers a reflection of the troubles that characterized frosty relations between the employees and slaves.

Caesar plays the role of a slave owner, a brutal and exploitative person. It was the nature of slave owners to use maximally them to gain more wealth while paying them very little or nothing at all. Self-interest is the major guiding principle to this kind of persons. The poor are sentenced to paucity as the bourgeoisie progressively accumulate more wealth. Furthermore, the growth of the industrial sector is linked to the expansion of capitalism, an economic system that is individual centered rather than communal (Johnson, 2011).

The exploitative capitalist nature of economic system is highlighted by how the steel mills at Pittsburgh were drastically growing by paying the workers poorly (Wilson, 2003). The cost of rent is extremely high, which makes the life of the workers hard and rough. Solly sees evidently observes the biggest social and economic challenges that African-American, who had just arrived in Petersburg for employment. The brutality of life forced one to choose death rather than arrest. Life was too brutal to the poor. In this respect, the life of the worker was terrible to the extent that a person who committed suicide to evade apprehension was thought to be a martyr among the workers.

The trouble that the workers went through at the mill is a clear indication of the horrors that employees in early industries went through. The city of bones is a symbol of torture chambers that slave masters incarcerated those who were found to be guilty. It is a treaded place, but an option to one who is not ready to die, an epitome of the severe suffering that lower economic class had to endure (Wilson, 2003).

Massive deaths were registered on the sea vessels due to lack of water, food, and medical support. The slaves were hurdled in unvented rooms, rendering them vulnerable to disease, suffocation, and hunger. The trans-Atlantic slave trade was a horrible experience in the history servitude. Many died, those who survived the journey were traumatized, but still had to work as slaves in the new lands. The coastal towns thrived on international trade, which included slavery.

Slaves and peasants were a major cause of insecurity in the urban areas, the case of Solly smacking Caesar with the walking stick illustrates the level of insecurity that was there at that time. The cities were gated and secured from intruders, a common phenomenon during the early 1990s.

The conspiracy between Aunt Ester, Citizen, and Rutherford Selig, leads to Solly away. The poor had solidarity in their quest to defeat the oppressor, slave owners, and capitalists. The attempt by Caesar to arrest Ester for helping and hiding a fugitive to try and escape fails after the judge sets her free (Johnson, 2011). However, Caesar shot Solly, making the life of the less fortunate family unbearable and full of suffering. By good luck, Black Mary rejects Caesar, making the advent of freedom of the downtrodden workers, who are akin to slaves. The ending of this play is a reflection of the labor and human rights movements that swept America in the 19th and 20th century, leading to the end of slavery and racial discrimination as well as betterment of the working condition of the laborers (Johnson, 2011).

Reputation of Literature.”The Indicate in the Wall structure” by Virginia Woolf

Reputation of Literature.

Modernism is the term for a reckoned, methodology, innovative deliver the results, chat, or style of music of method and literature that makes use of ideas and methods which could be dissimilar to the typical products. In order to sensitize readers to follow or seek new modes of expression rather than following the established traditions, in literature, most writers and artists use this technique. They try and trigger audience in redefining common things, beliefs and teachings on a modern-day way. This paper pays increased awareness of the research of how modernism is symbolized at the concise scenario, “The Level relating to the Wall” by Virginia Woolf.The story opens up by presenting exactly how the narrator found a charcoal level, the first time, with the light structure of her room in your home. She was disturbed by the presence of that label, and although she overlooked to awoke and look it thoroughly, she was able to set up what experienced triggered it from inspecting its destination (nearly 6 to seven " across the mantelpiece). (more…)

Story of Literature.”The Mark concerning the Wall” by Virginia Woolf

Story of Literature.

Modernism defines a thought, practice, unique deliver the results, discussion, or variety of artwork and literature using methods and ideas which have been different from the conventional people. In literature, most writers and artists use this technique in order to sensitize readers to follow or seek new modes of expression rather than following the established traditions. They aim to arouse traffic in redefining vintage teachings, beliefs and things inside the modernized way. This newspaper can pay very good appreciation of the evaluation of methods modernism is depicted in their small tale, “The Indicate on Wall” by Virginia Woolf.The story starts up by describing just how the narrator noticed a dark-colored sign, initially, within the white wall membrane of her room or living area. She was annoyed by the inclusion of that tag, and even though she dismissed to awoke and check it meticulously, she managed to determine what enjoyed caused it by means of studying its locale (somewhere around half a dozen to six in . (more…)

Reputation Literature.”The Indicate at the Retaining wall” by Virginia Woolf

Reputation Literature.Modernism is the word for a figured, solution, resourceful perform, discourse, or style of artwork and literature that makes use of ideas and methods that are different from the typical models. In literature, most writers and artists use this technique in order to sensitize readers to follow or seek new modes of expression rather than following the established traditions. They effort to activate individuals in redefining normal teachings, things and beliefs in your new way. This pieces of paper pays great focus on the analysis of how modernism is depicted within your short-term scenario, “The Indicate relating to the Wall” by Virginia Woolf.The tale opens by describing the way the narrator spotted a dark colored symbol, for the first time, on the bright white walls of her living room. She was disrupted by the inclusion of that level, and although she avoided to awoke and look it directly, she had been able to develop what obtained resulted in it over scrutinizing its city (approximately half a dozen to seven " above the mantelpiece). (more…)

Reputation for Literature.”The Symbol about the Wall” by Virginia Woolf

Reputation for Literature.

Modernism defines a imagined, methodology, unique deliver the results, article, or category of method and literature that employs methods and ideas that have been completely different from the original products. In order to sensitize readers to follow or seek new modes of expression rather than following the established traditions, in literature, most writers and artists use this technique. They endeavor to promote readership in redefining established teachings, beliefs and things inside popular way. This papers pays off exceptional awareness of the exploration of methods modernism is manifested in their little history, “The Sign inside the Wall” by Virginia Woolf.The story opens up by explaining the way the narrator saw a dark colored tag, the very first time, in the white colored retaining wall of her room. She was disrupted by the inclusion of that indicate, and although she forgotten about to awoke and appearance it closely, she had been able identify what had generated it by means of inspecting its office (around 6 to 7 ins higher than the mantelpiece). (more…)

Reputation for Literature.”The Signature inside the Wall structure” by Virginia Woolf

Modernism refers to a thought, practice, innovative exercise, discourse, or variety of talent and literature which utilizes ideas and methods which were unlike the original ones. In order to sensitize readers to follow or seek new modes of expression rather than following the established traditions, in literature, most writers and artists use this technique. They aim to encourage site visitors in redefining established things, beliefs and teachings in your up-to-date way. This old fashioned paper pays off big attention to the studies of how modernism is manifested by the shorter scenario, “The Tag on Wall” by Virginia Woolf.The storyplot starts by detailing exactly how the narrator observed a african american symbol, for the first time, regarding the white colored walls of her bedroom. She was disturbed by the presence of that signature, and even though she avoided to awakened and appearance it very closely, she had been able determine what held precipitated it through the use of inspecting its facility (approximately six to several ins higher than the mantelpiece). (more…)

Reputation for Literature.”The Indicate about the Wall structure” by Virginia Woolf

Reputation for Literature.

Modernism denotes a believed, techniques, innovative run, debate, or category of art and literature that uses methods and ideas which were completely different from the common products. In literature, most writers and artists use this technique in order to sensitize readers to follow or seek new modes of expression rather than following the established traditions. They seek to encourage viewers in redefining standard things, teachings and beliefs inside of a contemporary way. This old fashioned paper will pay very good appreciation of the investigation of methods modernism is manifested within your short account, “The Indicate within the Wall” by Virginia Woolf.The storyline opens up by talking about what sort of narrator observed a ebony symbol, the very first time, around the vivid white wall surface of her bedroom. She was annoyed by the actual existence of that level, and although she disregarded to awakened and appearance it closely, she had been able determine what owned triggered it throughout considering its destination (just about 6 to 7 ins above the mantelpiece). (more…)

Past of Literature.”The Tag for the Retaining wall” by Virginia Woolf

Past of Literature.Modernism denotes a idea, technique, extremely creative labor, discourse, or style of fine art and literature that uses ideas and methods that have been totally different from the typical designs. In literature, most writers and artists use this technique in order to sensitize readers to follow or seek new modes of expression rather than following the established traditions. They try to encourage readers in redefining basic teachings, beliefs and things within a contemporary way. This old fashioned paper will pay you excellent care about the research of methods modernism is displayed into the simple storyline, “The Indicate on your Wall” by Virginia Woolf.The story starts up by detailing how a narrator discovered a brown mark, initially, on your light wall surface of her room or space. She was disturbed by the presence of that mark, and although she avoided to awoke and look it intently, she were able to create what experienced precipitated it by considering its store (close to half a dozen to several " across the mantelpiece). (more…)

Past of Literature.”The Symbol concerning the Walls” by Virginia Woolf

Past of Literature.Modernism indicates a reckoned, techniques, unique run, chat, or style of music of skill and literature that uses ideas and methods which might be distinct from the standard designs. In order to sensitize readers to follow or seek new modes of expression rather than following the established traditions, in literature, most writers and artists use this technique. They effort to excite audience in redefining time-honored beliefs, things and teachings with a modern way. This document pays off substantial awareness to the examination of methods modernism is represented inside the short-term article, “The Level inside the Wall” by Virginia Woolf.The storyplot opens by describing exactly how the narrator discovered a ebony tag, the very first time, by the vivid white wall membrane of her room or space. She was annoyed by the presence of that symbol, and even though she brushed aside to woke up and check it closely, she managed to confirm what held induced it by examining its establishment (approximately 6 to 8 " higher than the mantelpiece). (more…)